Yogurt made with live cultures is great for you- it’s high in protein, calcium and probiotics that aid the digestive system.
I’m a big fan of “low-tech” yogurt making- you don’t need any fancy equipment to make wholesome plain yogurt and once you have plain homemade yogurt, making delicious thick Greek yogurt is also a snap.
I usually make yogurt with raw milk. As not everyone has access to (or wants to use) raw milk (and because it’s “Y” day of my alphabetical blogging challenge), I’ll share directions for making yogurt with homogenized/pasteurized milk here, too.
How to Make Yogurt
Yield: 1 quart plain yogurt
*4 cups/1 quart of milk (you can use any kind of milk; for the healthiest yogurt, use the healthiest milk you can find: organic or raw cow’s milk, or goat or sheep’s milk; full fat milk will make the richest, thickest yogurt…the fat in yogurt also helps your body assimilate the nutrients)
*Starter culture such as a powder purchased from a health food store or 1-2 Tb. of organic, plain, live culture yogurt
*1 very clean 1 quart mason jar with screw-top lid
In a small pot on the stove, heat the milk to a temperature of 180°F.
If you don’t have a kitchen thermometer, 180°F. is the equivalent of where it is just going to start to boil- don’t let it come to a rolling boil as this is too hot. Make sure you don’t walk away from the milk and allow it to boil over- it makes a big mess (believe me, I know this from experience!)
Turn the heat off and let the temperature come down to 110°F. You can put the pot in a sink of cold water to speed the cooling if you like. 110°F is the temperature at which you can stick a finger into the milk and hold it there for 10 seconds. Don’t let it cool below this temperature- it needs to be 110°F to culture properly.
When the milk is at 110°F, pour it into the 1 qt. canning jar and gently mix in your starter culture or yogurt. Cap the jar.
Turn your oven on to 110°F. Allow it to stay at this temperature for 10 minutes and then turn it off. If you can’t set your oven at 110°F, turn it on to the lowest setting possible (in many ovens, this is 200°F), turn it off, and then give it some time to cool to approximately 110°F.
Wrap your jar in a thick towel (I use a big bath towel)…
…and then place it in the oven. Remove racks as necessary for it to fit. Turn the light of your oven on and close the door (this will keep the temperature slightly raised).
The towel will insulate the jar, ensuring that it stays warm during the culturing process. Leave it there for 12 hours or overnight, then unwrap the jar and place it in the refrigerator to cool for several hours.
If you end up with liquid (whey) floating atop your homemade yogurt, this can be mixed in or poured off to give you a thicker yogurt.
You can eat your yogurt plain…
…or mix it with fruit, nuts, cooked grains such as oats…whatever you like. I love homemade yogurt with fresh fruits; one of my favorite ways to eat it is drizzled with a little pomegranate molasses and sprinkled with pomegranate arils.
If you are interested in making a very thick Greek-style yogurt, you’ll want to strain out all of the whey.
How To Make Greek Yogurt
Yield: 2 cups Greek-style yogurt
*1 quart homemade or store-bought plain live culture yogurt
Line a colander with cheesecloth and place it over a bowl.
Pour your yogurt in…
… and place in the refrigerator for a few hours or overnight. The whey will drain into the bowl and you will end up with a delicious and nutritious Greek yogurt (aka “yogurt cheese”) that you can eat “as is” or use in recipes. The whey can be stored for 1-2 months for use in recipes for lacto-fermented vegetables (my dogs and cats also happen to love drinking it!)
Alternatively, you could use yogurt making equipment for making homemade yogurt. I have heard good things about these yogurt making machines by Salton.The Easiyo Yogurt Maker with Lid Jar is much less expensive, though, and is also well reviewed. These help you easily maintain the correct culturing temperature of 110°F.
If you are planning to make your own yogurt a lot (and if you like kitchen gadgets), it might be worth investing in one of these, but I’ve never felt the need to own one.
A few of my recipes that feature yogurt:
Yellow Watermelon Salad with Yogurt Tsatsiki Dressing
Homemade Protein Bars
Leek and Asparagus Pizza