Composting 101 and Eco-Friendly Friday, First Edition

For someone who’s committed to living an eco-groovy lifestyle, someone with a blog called Healthy Green Kitchen, I don’t think I share enough “green stuff” on this blog. I love talking about my garden (it’s been a long winter since I’ve been able to do that, though) and my chickens, and I do try to include green tips for cooking along with my recipes on occasion…but I think I can do better.

That’s why today, and every Friday from now on, I am going to devote a weekly post to something that’s related to green living, and I really want you to join in the fun! I’d love it if you left comments about your own green living efforts, and/or if you shared your own eco-friendly blog content in the linky tool at the bottom of this post…

Composting 101

I’ve been composting for many years and really can’t imagine not doing it: it’s such an obvious way to keep “recyclable items” (kitchen and yard wastes) out of landfills. It’s also such an important element of organic gardening, since compost is one of the very best things you can add to achieve truly healthy soil…and healthy soil is a must for healthy plants.

When you make compost, you are basically putting things into a pile to rot. You can create a pile out of your kitchen scraps and yard waste pretty simply and eventually it will decompose without much effort on your part.

There are many compost bins on the market and these are great if you don’t have a lot of extra room, you like to keep things neat and orderly, and if you don’t particularly want to look at an “ugly pile”. Bins/containers can also ensure that the contents get turned properly and heated optimally for good breakdown, so you will likely end up with a finished usable product sooner than if you just build a pile and let it sit there.

If you have an out-of-sight spot, though, a pile is the simplest and cheapest way to get the job done. Here’s a basic recipe for starting a compost pile…

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Related Links:
A comprehensive list of what you can and cannot add to compost
Compost Troubleshooting Tips
Mary Appelhof’s website:

So there’s my entry for Eco-Friendly Friday…Composting 101. As I mentioned above, though, I want you to be a part of Eco-Friendly Friday, too. I want to know how you are living green! A lot of topics fit comfortably under the eco-friendly umbrella, so I’d love to hear about the following:

  • your organic gardening/small-scale farming efforts
  • your support for local farms/farmer’s markets
  • what you cook with your harvest/farmer’s market haul (includes recipes for canning and preserving)
  • cooking efforts that save you money, cut down on packaging and allow you to eat better
  • your composting and worm bin efforts
  • your experiences keeping chickens, goats, cows, etc.
  • your experiences with beekeeping

I also want to hear about:

  • your tips for recycling and reusing things around the house instead of throwing them away
  • projects you’ve done that have improved the energy efficiency of your home
  • green decor ideas
  • recommendations for environmentally friendly products you use
  • examples of how you’ve conserved energy and/or saved money by adopting a greener lifestyle

I hope the above list gives you some ideas and I also hope that this weekly event will grow with time. I promise to visit every link, and each week I will feature a few highlights from the previous week’s linked-up posts. I’ll keep the linky open until the end of the day tomorrow (Saturday).

Here are the linking up guidelines:

* Please add a link to this post somewhere in your blog post entry stating that it’s a part of this week’s Eco-Friendly Friday over at Healthy Green Kitchen.
* Make sure to link to your individual post, not to your home page.
* Make sure your post contains some element of “eco-friendliness”.
* Please only link to one blog post per blog.
* When you link, please share the subject of your post; your name and the name of your blog are optional. Sample entry: Composting 101 (Winnie @ Healthy Green Kitchen)

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Basic "Recipe" for Making a Compost Pile


  • *1-2 parts green high in nitrogen- this means grass clippings, green plant trimmings, and food scraps (all fruit and veggie scraps, grains, organic tea and coffee, and eggshells can be added; experts say not to add meat, bones, dairy products, eggs or oils )
  • *1 part brown high in carbon- this means leaves, straw, hay, wood shavings, newspaper, cardboard


  • 1. For adequate heating, it is best to make a pile that is 3 feet by 3 feet. Water should be added to keep the pile as moist as a "wrung out sponge". So keep it covered with a tarp if it's raining a lot and it's getting too wet, and water it with a hose when conditions are very dry.
  • 2. When building your pile, you should layer the greens and browns and add water to help jump start their breakdown. Then keep an eye on the moisture level and turn the contents with a pitchfork every week or two to make sure it continues to decompose evenly. The more you turn the materials over and get things stirred up, the faster it will decompose.
  • 3. If you don't have any land and/or you are looking for another way to recycle your food scraps, you can try using a worm bin. The original and best book on the subject of making compost with worms (vermiculture) is Worms Eat My Garbage: How to Set Up and Maintain a Worm Composting System by Mary Appelhof.

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18 thoughts on “Composting 101 and Eco-Friendly Friday, First Edition”

  1. Pingback: Keep Your Garbage From Adding to Landfills – The Benefits of Composting | Assist 2 Sell
  2. Great tips! I shared a link with my FB followers. Been following your blog for a couple weeks now, and always look forward to your posts.

  3. will be looking forward to Fridays Winnie – we have been composting for years now; have an indoor, counter-top for food scraps and 2 bins outdoors for our gardens. we buy composting worms every year to help accelerate the composting, plus those worms are also great for our gardens. now we need chickens, bees and a few more fruit trees!

  4. Thanks for the composting tips, Winnie. I have promised myself that this summer I WILL start composting, and your wisdom is sure to help me start off on the right foot. – S

  5. Winnie – such an awesome idea. I’ve actually been kicking around re-starting my local eating a budget series once our market opens up in a couple of weeks. We have a non-official compost pile in our yard, but with your guidelines I totally believe we can make it a bit more useful!

  6. I love this! Looking forward to your Green Fridays. I’m still figuring out this whole bloggy thing (and how to balance it with kids!) but I’d love to participate at some point. We do compost – have a compost tumbler in the back yard and after some trial and error I think I’ve figured out how to keep the balance of greens and browns just right (i.e. non-stinky). We haven’t actually made the leap to USING the compost yet :-) but it’s nice to keep so many kitchen trimmings out of the trash can!

  7. For years my Dad has been composting in a large pile in the woods behind his house. It’s a great way to get rid of scraps and he keeps a second pile for meat and old egg scraps. The animals love it…hehe. I also read an article that “Food in Jars” posted on Facebook that was really interesting. It’s called the “Zero-waste house” and I found a lot of great going green tips. Here is a link if you haven’t read it:

  8. This is an awesome post! I bought a compost bin a couple of years ago, and have been unsuccessful (how is that possible)! But, I think I had way to much brown in the pile up front, and it’s been very dry. I finally dug out a very nice amount of compost for the garden this year and am recommitted to using the bin again. It’s not a hard thing to keep up at all, and your tips are really so helpful. Thank you!

    Would you be okay with a link up to an older post? I have recently posted my first garden post, kinda showing step by step how I put it together. I am really interested in learning how to avoid funguses and pests organically. Looking forward to reading more here Winnie!

  9. Thank you for this informative post, I have been thinking about starting a compost for a long time, space is limited, but with your tips, I am going to get started today!

  10. My sister and I (after several years of me preaching from atop my soapbox) have joined forces to change the lives of ourselves and our family, and hopefully inspire others to do the same. We are creating a biodynamic garden where we will grow fruits, vegetables, herbs and flowers. We know it’s not going to be easy to control pests naturally, but we are going to do the best we can. We know that not all vegetables will be flawless but they will be healthy and without chemicals or hormones. We just started a compost pile as well, so that has significantly reduced out waste. Within the next few months we will be adding chickens, and we are really excited about that. My dream would be to have a full working farm one day, but for now we are taking it one step at a time :)

  11. I joined a local CSA through Local Harvest to get organic and natural vegetables as I am unable to garden this year. I am planning to can and freeze much of the vegetables and local fruit for winter. A CSA is Community Supported Agriculture. It is a good way to go green if you cannot have a garden but still want to eat healthy. There are CSA’s in most states.

    This is a sample of what I will be getting: