Welcome to Week 19 of One Simple Change!

Long before I began my One Simple Change series, I had planned to do a post about what I believe constitutes a healthy diet. I asked readers “how do you define healthy eating?” well over a year ago, but somehow I never followed up with a post about what healthy eating means to me.

If you’ve followed my blog for any length of time, you likely know that I consider myself a “flexitarian” and that my philosophy with regards to healthy eating focuses on “balance”; I personally eat just about everything…everything that qualifies as real food, that is (I do not eat packaged foods)…and I do so in moderation.

You should know, however, that I have definitely “been there, done that” when it comes to diets, and that some of the eating plans I once followed were about as far from balanced as you can get. In my teens, being healthy wasn’t my goal: being skinny was. I spent a few years eating an extremely low fat diet (I ate virtually no fat at all) because I thought this would help me lose weight (never mind that I didn’t really have much weight to lose). This completely screwed up my body (and my mind, too: I became very depressed). Then, while I was trying to get my health straightened out, I had to be on a different kind of restricted diet aimed at the eradication of food allergies for a year.

After that- throughout my twenties- I was constantly searching for a way to eat that would really “work” for me. At that point I did want to be healthy, but I remained very concerned with being thin. I tried being a vegetarian and then vegan. I tried detoxing and juice fasting. I also tried being low-carb, sugar-free, dairy-free, grain-free, and more at one time or another.

It wasn’t until I got pregnant with my first child that I stopped looking for “the be all end all way to eat that would allow me to get and stay skinny” and shifted my focus to eating without any agenda other than supporting my health and learning how to eat without needing to define foods as “good” or “bad”. In the years since- almost 15 of them now- I’ve continued to steer clear of any specific dietary philosophy other than eating whole foods: my life is so much more enjoyable as a result.

{While I have been deeply inspired by The Weston Price Foundation, I don’t follow all of their recommendations to the letter, and I am just fine with that. It’s really important to me to not obsess/get anxious over everything thing I eat because I wasted too many years doing just that.}

I eat food that makes me feel satisfied and that tastes good. I only eat when I am hungry and I stop when I am full. I wake up each day feeling good mentally and physically. I don’t have food cravings. I savor every bite of every meal. I am happy with my weight: it’s been the same for years. I probably weigh myself less than once a month, though.

The way I’ve been able to achieve everything above is to eat a “balanced” diet.

You will find my balanced diet guidelines below. They are based on my naturopathic nutrition education, my experiences counseling patients about “how to eat healthy”, my own years of holistic nutrition research, and my personal experiences, but you’ll notice that they’re pretty loose. And maybe pretty obvious.

I hope you will find them helpful, but please know these are just guidelines…suggestions…and they might not work for you. It’s not “my way or the highway”, and I am not telling you how much of any one thing to eat. We are all individuals with different metabolic needs! You may have a lactose intolerance, celiac disease, or an egg allergy. You may be a lifelong vegetarian or you might really love eating paleo. Please know that I respect you and your choices 100%, and if you’ve found what works for you, then I think that’s fantastic.

But if you have not found what works for you, then might I suggest letting go of preconceived notions that you must find and follow a certain diet or other eating strategy? Letting go of this stuff is what has worked for me, and maybe it will work for you, too :)

My Balanced Diet Guidelines

*Eat your veggies

Eat lots of veggies…eat unlimited amounts of those that are non-starchy. There is a huge variety of vegetables to choose from, and ideally you would eat some raw, some cooked, and some that have been cultured. Make sure to include dark green, leafy vegetables such as kale, chard, mustard greens, collard greens, bok choy and/or spinach in your diet; these are high in minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and iron. I’ve mentioned before that I’ve always heard it’s best not to eat large amounts of these greens raw. I know this point has not been well recieved by my raw foodie/green smoothie afficianado friends, so I am doing further research to figure out whether that’s something we should be worrying about or not.

A great way to increase your veggie consumption is by juicing; fresh juice is great for the vitamins, minerals, and enzymes it contains. If you don’t have a juicer, you can use a Blendtec, Vita-mix, or other high speed blender to make a blended juice. The flavor is not as delicate as a juice made in a true juicer, but the fiber is left intact and this is desirable in its own right.

Buy organic vegetables whenever possible and grow your own if that’s in the cards. If you buy non-organic, use a produce wash to remove undesirable chemical residues.

*Eat your fruit

Fruits are a healthy source of carbohydrates and can satisfy a sweet tooth- berries in particular are a wonderful source of nutrients. Try not to overeat the very sweet fruits, such as bananas, as they are high in carbohydrates; eating too many carbs (even these “good carbs”) can lead to weight gain in some individuals.

Buy organic and/or grow your own whenever possible; use a produce wash to clean conventionally-grown fruit.

*Be thoughtful about grains

Whole grains are a good source of fiber and B-vitamins, but gluten-containing grains can be problematic for some people. Experiment with all kinds of grains including the non-gluten grains such as brown rice, millet, and quinoa (not technically a grain, but it cooks like one) to figure out which ones you like, and which ones work for your body. Indulge in potatoes and sweet potatoes as a grain alternative, if you find they don’t really work for you. Serve grains or potatoes with a small amount of organic butter and/or cultured cream: these fats help with the assimilation of fat-soluble nutrients.

Bread can be tricky. I mentioned in a recent post that I got into trouble years ago by eating way to much of it. All-natural breads, preferably sourdough, as well as whole grain breads should be fine for most people in moderation (unless you need to avoid gluten-containing grains completely: these include wheat, spelt, rye, oats, and barley). If you find bread (or any other food, for that matter) to be addictive, I would avoid it. Also: minimize or avoid foods made with white flour (including pasta). I personally eat white pasta once a week or less.

*Pay attention to protein

Protein is important in the diet. I personally don’t feel right (my blood sugar gets wacky) when I don’t eat some form of protein with most meals. Cold water fish such as salmon, halibut, and sardines are excellent as they contain important omega-3 fatty acids; shellfish is a very good source of vitamins A and D. Look for wild, not farmed, fish. High mercury concentration of fish is a concern, but most experts agree the benefits of eating fish outweigh the negatives of the mercury content (here’s more info about How to choose the healthiest fish).

Chicken, turkey, beef, pork and other meats are best when pastured/grass-fed. Or choose wild game as these meats contain less fat, more CLA (conjugated linoleic acid- a fatty acid with anti-cancer and body fat reducing properties), and more healthy omega-3 fats than grain-fed beef. Vitamin and antioxidants are also higher for meat (as well as milk and eggs) from grass-fed/pastured animals. Keep in mind that it is not healthy to eat the burned fat of meats (the HAs/Heterocyclic Amines that are created may be carcinogenic); cooking meats for longer at lower temperatures and/or eating them on the rare side is better (and if you are grilling, make sure to use a marinade as this cuts down on the HAs). Seek out a local butcher who offers grass-fed meats or look for a local grass-fed farm that offers direct purchasing.

More good sources of protein (appropriate for carnivores and vegetarians) include organic, free-range eggs and plant sources of protein such as nuts and seeds (including quinoa), and all legumes. Soy products are best when they are eaten in fermented form (i.e. choose tempeh over tofu, if possible). Dairy products provide protein, too, and are fine as long as you are not allergic to them.

*Choose healthy dairy

Dairy products are good sources of protein and calcium and and good for you as long as you are not sensitive to dairy. Look for raw unprocessed cheeses, plain whole milk yogurt (or make your own yogurt), and raw milk, if you can find it. Some people do not tolerate dairy well and may need to avoid it, though, even in raw form.

*Make friends with healthy fats

Evaluate the fats that you eat and make sure you are eating only high quality all-natural fats. Experiment with coconut oil: it is an excellent healthy cooking oil. The best other fats to use are olive oil and organic butter. Organic butter, believe it or not, contains fat-soluble vitamins and minerals. Avocado is also a healthy fat. Do not limit consumption of good fats as they are vital to good health, but do limit consumption of processed vegetable oils (check labels!) and never eat hydrogenated fats (trans-fats). I devoted two One Simple Change posts to healthy fats…you can check them out here and here.

*Snack smart, and limit sweets

Snacking is encouraged, provided you snack on the right foods, not on “junk”. Limiting sweets means eating only small amounts (or not eating at all) things like muffins, cakes, donuts, cookies, pies, chocolates, etc. You should avoid all commercially processed varieties of these as they most likely contain hydrogenated oils. Make your own healthy desserts with good quality, fair-trade chocolate, fruits, nuts, and other raw ingredients or bake with real organic butter, organic sugar, and whole grain flours.

*Don’t forget to “drink healthy”, too: I covered that topic here :)

What are your thoughts on eating a balanced diet? As always, I would love to hear if you are “in” to this week’s One Simple Change.

 

14 Comments

  1. 1

    Brian @ A Thought For Food — May 25, 2012 @ 10:53 pm

    I couldn’t agree more… balanced eating is so important for our health. I’ve started stocking up on healthier snacks and try to eat breakfast (something I never used to do).

    Anyway… thank you for such a thoughtful post!

  2. 2

    Laura (Tutti Dolci) — May 25, 2012 @ 11:47 pm

    I love these tips & your philosophy on balance. It’s worked for me – at one point I focused on whether foods were “good” or “bad” but I’ve let that go and never looked back!

  3. 3

    Rebecca Walker — May 25, 2012 @ 11:55 pm

    Basically the same as yours. I probably could consciously include more protein sources, and I do include a small amount of good, organic dark chocolate each day for my sweet tooth.

  4. 4

    Elizabeth Ann — May 26, 2012 @ 9:37 am

    Wonderful advice, again, thank you for your thoughtfully written suggestions.

  5. 5

    Peggy — May 26, 2012 @ 4:26 pm

    Balance works for me, and has for a long time. I guess we do get wiser with age! On a separate note, do those produce washes really work at ridding fruits and veggies of pesticides? I remain skeptical…

  6. 6

    Rox — May 26, 2012 @ 10:20 pm

    Thanks so much for this post. It comes at a perfect time in my life- I am sort of at a crossroads at the moment with regard to my health. I have struggled with my weight for years and have several health issues that seem to be interconnected and none are easily “fixed” such as thyroid imbalances, pcos, food sensitivities.. to name a few.. I have been doing lots of research lately and reading several blogs, books and articles but the information is sometimes overwhelming and contradictory… This post has helped me put things into perspective and caused me to re-evaluate my starting point. Thanks again for the post… I hope to find what works for me, but this post is definitely is pointing me in the right direction!

    sorry for the long comment and personal details- I just wanted to express how relevant this is to me at the moment and I am thankful that you took the time to write this ;)

  7. 7

    Paula — May 27, 2012 @ 3:44 pm

    I’ve been *skinny* all my life. No matter what I eat or how much I eat I never seem to be able to put on weight. A few years ago I quit trying to gain weight and just accepted that my body is what it is. I eat a healthy diet (I also snack – sometimes on not so healthy items but everything in moderation) get regular exercise and my required amount of sleep. People need to realize that if they are fit and have no underlying health issues that it’s O.K. to be the body size that you are, whether or not it is not even close to what society says it should be.

  8. 8

    Nicole@Show Off Friday Blog Hop — May 30, 2012 @ 11:22 am

    Excellent tips. It really is very simple but it’s so easy to just not bother making small adjustments to our habits. As they say, “It’s easy to do and easy not to do”

  9. 9

    art and lemons — May 30, 2012 @ 2:17 pm

    Winnie, I couldn’t agree more! Balance and whole foods should be the focus of good health. While I choose a meatless diet, it is because that’s what makes me feel best on every level of health. Love this series, by the way!

  10. 10

    Quinoa with Sauteed Grapes, Avocado, and Brie | Healthy Green Kitchen — June 1, 2012 @ 1:09 pm

    [...] as today is Friday, I want to follow up on last week’s One Simple Change post about Eating a Balanced Diet, and talk about the importance of eating a variety of [...]

  11. 11

    the wicked noodle — June 4, 2012 @ 8:15 am

    Wonderful, sound advice. I agree that everything in moderation is key (although overdoing it on green veggies is okay ;) Thanks for the thoughtful, well-written article!

  12. 12

    One Simple Change: Eat a Variety of Foods (Plus Quinoa with Sauteed Grapes, Avocado, and Brie) | Easy And Healthy Meals — June 20, 2012 @ 1:16 pm

    [...] as today is Friday, I want to follow up on last week’s One Simple Change post about Eating a Balanced Diet, and talk about the importance of eating a variety of [...]

  13. 13

    Bryan — September 6, 2012 @ 4:19 am

    I think no one will say that vegetables are bad for your health, though there are some people don’t like to eat vegetables but still they cannot say it is bad for our health. We should always monitor our diet, it not easy to deal with any health problem.

  14. 14

    Soledad — July 25, 2013 @ 12:48 pm

    Elley: I was going to say that!! so happy to see someone else loves them as much as I do!It’s my brsfeaakt EVERY morning, you get your protein, folic, vitamins etc- all the essentials to start your day right!!This is my go-to Green smoothie:1/2 cup of unsweetened coconut milk1/2 cup filtered water1 cup of spinach, kale, chard, dandelion leaf or other dark leafy green1/3 cup of frozen or fresh mango (or pineapple- I mix it up now and then)1 banana1 TBSP of chia seeds – they help keep you full for longerjuice of half a lemon – helps your digestion and cleanse your insides :) It also helps give you stamina for the dayThis takes me less than ten minutes to make and I can easily drink it in the car.It’s easy to change it up too, I also like peaches, strawberries and apples in my smoothies. Use a variety of greens and milks – you can use almond milk, cows milk, goats milk – or even eliminate the milk and just use water. Which is what I do if I don’t have any on hand.I also usually have some Sprouted Wheat and Honey muffins from Trader Joes on hand for busy mornings – they are made with honey instead of sugar, so they’re soo much better for you! Sprouted wheat is a better flour than traditional all-purpose. So they are a healthier option and I will stay full for a few hours! I usually eat it with a piece of fruit, like an apple.

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